Cyber Crimes are considered as illegal unethical and/or unauthorized behavior of people relating to the automatic processing, transmission and manipulation of data through the use of Computer Systems and Networks to cause harm to the victim.
Offences committed against individuals, organizations or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm, or loss, to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (networks including chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (Bluetooth/SMS/MMS) is also referred to as Cyber Crime. Cybercrime also tends to threaten a person or a nation's security and financial health.
According to Wikipedia; Cybercrime, or computer-oriented crime, is the crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target but before a cybercrime takes effect, it needs a space called “Cyber Space”.
Cyber Space is an intricate environment that involves interactions between people, software, and services and it is in this environments that all cyber activities occur and in other to prevent the harms and damages caused by cybercrimes, security measures were put in place to regulate, control and prevent cybercrimes from further occurring leading to security breaches.
The state of being protected against the unauthorized use of information, especially electronic data is what is referred to as Information Security. There may be a lot of principles in reference to Information Security but the major Principles of information security are Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability. These principles help cub information from leaking or floating around without the required authorization.
There are some policies placed to alleviate cyber risks in cyber space and such include Research and Development, Human Resource Development, investment into cyber threat intelligence, creation of cyber security awareness, raising or implementation of cyber framework among others. In as much as there are policies set to regulate these crimes, there are also modes of solving these crimes; both the already unleashed ones and the sniffed or detected ones. Such strategies include: Securing of the E-Governance Services, Creation of Mechanisms for IT Security, Creating a Secure Cyber Ecosystem, Creating an Assurance Framework, Encouraging Open Standards, Strengthening the Regulatory Framework, Protecting Critical Information Infrastructure etc.
Cyber Laws are the set of rules, regulations and policies put in place to fight Cyber Crimes. Cyber Law is the sole savior in fighting cyber-crime. It is only through strict laws that unbreakable security could be provided to safe-guard valued information.
Cyber Security entails the technological processes and techniques introduced to protect our data, networks, even our computers from unauthorized persons.
Cyber Crime is being practiced every time, but is still hardly reported. Very few cases of cybercrime reaches the court because of difficulties in gathering, storing and appreciating Digital Evidence. Thus the Act has miles to go before it can be truly effective.
Once you are through with this course, you will extensively understand everything about Information Security and Cyber Law, ranging from the theories to the practical angles, including softwares and applications involved, policies, laws, principles, precautions and security measures.
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